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Inventory number

Cat.2034

  • Document
  • Writing Recto
  • Writing Verso

General description

Model for furniture decoration

The papyrus Cat. 2034  was cut out of a part of a roll where three single sheets overlap. There are drawings of an object on both sides of the manuscript. Both of these drawings are accompanied by short notes in hieratic: two on the recto and one on the verso. These short inscriptions are referred to as A, B and C. Recto and verso are denoted here on the basis of the technical (papyrological) observation of the papyrus sheet, and not in the common Egyptological fashion which follows the sequence of the texts. The drawing on the verso is perpendicular to the one on the recto; thus, the text labelled as verso B is at right angles with the text on recto C. The reason for the rotation of the sheet is to be found either in the height of the drawing or the orientation of the fibre (which permitted greater ease in drawing the lines). The former seems most likely to us. The sequence of the jotting is C, B, A.

The drawing on the recto depicts the footboard of a bed decorated with figures of the protective deity Bes and lions. The inscription below the footboard (C) consists of three short lines and records two days (11 and 29) in the third month of the pr.t-season (mid to end of December) in a regnal year 17. The text is written rather small and highly cursive.

The verso bears a further drawing which depicts a piece of furniture (probably a chair). Within the convex element of the seat, another date is given: Year 17, the fourth month of the pr.t-season, day 2 (early January). This inscription (B) must have been added shortly after the sketch was drawn, maybe even by the same person.

On the left side of the drawing, a hieratic inscription (A) provides a third date: the first year of the so-called Renaissance era (wHm msw.t 'Repeating of births') equalling year <1>9 (i.e., of Ramesses XI), the fourth month of the Ax.t-season (September), day 5. The texts A and B were written almost two years apart. They were probably added by two different scribes, as the palaeography of certain signs, dates, and numerals indicate.

On the basis of the document’s many lines, gaps and lacunae, it is possible to determine that the papyrus was folded at least ten times vertically (with reference to the footboard on the recto) or horizontally (with reference to the possible chair on the verso).

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses XI (Menmaatre Setepenptah)

Provenance

Thebes/Deir el-Medina (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)

Image(s)

Image

  • Text 1

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Translation

C1 Regnal year 17, 3rd month of the peret-season, day 11: Commissioning [the six] artisans C2 while inspecting (?).

C3 3rd month of the peret-season, day 29: Taking them to the city (i.e., Thebes) [as] commission.

Editor

Kathrin Gabler (KG), Matthias Müller (MM)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Note, Transfer, Event

Keywords

work, commissioning, woodwork, furniture

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses XI (Menmaatre Setepenptah)

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

drawing of the footboard of a bed decorated with figures of Bes and lions

Bibliographical reference

Barwik, The twilight of Ramesside Egypt, p. 70 ,no. 187 (OEB 171971);

Cortese, in: La scuola nell'antico Egitto, p. 133, no. 8 (OEB 41848);

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 566-567 (OEB 49907);

KRI VI, p. 865 (OEB 13544);

Gabler/Müller, in: Gabler et al., Text-Bild-Objekte im archäologischen Kontext, pp. 117-150 (OEB 271705)

Deir el-Medina Database

Image

  • Text 1
  • Text 2

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Translation

B Regnal year 17, 4th month of the peret-season, day 2: Commissioning the artisans to work

Editor

Kathrin Gabler (KG)/Matthias Müller (MM)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Transfer, Note, Event

Keywords

woodwork, workmen

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses XI (Menmaatre Setepenptah)

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

drawing is transversa charta drawing of a bed or chair(?) decorated with i.a. ankh-signs and figures of a vizier

Bibliographical reference

Barwik, The twilight of Ramesside Egypt, p. 70 ,no. 187 (OEB 171971);

Cortese, in: La scuola nell'antico Egitto, p. 133, no. 8 (OEB 41848);

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 566-567 (OEB 49907);

KRI VI, p. 865 (OEB 13544);

Gabler/Müller, in: Gabler et al., Text-Bild-Objekte im archäologischen Kontext, pp. 117-150 (OEB 271705)

Deir el-Medina Database

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Translation

A1 Regnal year 1 of the Renaissance-era equalling regnal-year <1>9, 4th month of the akhet-season, day 5: Decorating the mšr-chair A2 for the vizier Nebmaatrenakht together with the bed which had been brought with its webbing by {by} the craftsman A3 Ankhtu

Editor

Kathrin Gabler (KG), Matthias Müller (MM)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Note, Event, Transfer

Keywords

woodwork, cattle, work, furniture, wHm-ms.w.t, commissioning

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses XI (Menmaatre Setepenptah)

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

drawing is transversa charta drawing of a bed or chair(?) decorated with i.a. ankh-signs and figures of a vizier

Bibliographical reference

Barwik, The twilight of Ramesside Egypt, p. 70 ,no. 187 (OEB 171971);

Cortese, in: La scuola nell'antico Egitto, p. 133, no. 8 (OEB 41848);

Donadoni, Egyptian Civilization. Monumental art, pp. 90 and 252, fig. 137 (OEB 198892);

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 566-567 (OEB 49907);

KRI VI, p. 865 (OEB 13544);

Roccati, in: Donadoni, Egyptian Civilization, II, pp. 145 and 253, fig. 194 (OEB 198892);

Gabler/Müller, in: Text-Bild-Objekte im archäologischen Kontext, pp. 117-150 (OEB 271705).

Deir el-Medina Database

Museo Egizio