Inventory number


  • Document
  • Writing Recto

General description

The Harem Conspiracy Papyrus/Judical Papyrus

Cat. 1875 is a judicial papyrus that recounts a trial that (possibly) took place against a group of conspirators for having attempted to kill Pharaoh Ramesses III. The instigator was queen Tiye who, together with other women from the Pharaoh’s harem and several people in high positions in the government, tried to place Tiye's son Pentaweret on the throne instead of the appointed heir. Although the death of Ramesses III is not explicitly mentioned in the papyrus, the assassination seemed to have been successful as a recent examination of the mummy of Ramesses III proved that a deep cut in the throat was the cause of his death. However, the appointed heir still managed to ascend the throne instead of Pentaweret. He assumed the name Ramesses IV and the culprits were arrested and put on trial. The papyrus describes the crime that each individual conspirator was charged with and the punishment that they received. The death sentence was imposed on most of those plotting against the Pharaoh, but they were not directly killed by the followers of Ramesses IV. Instead, the accused were allowed to take their own life, or as is written on the papyrus: “They (the judges) found him (the accused) guilty, they left him where he was and he committed suicide”.


New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)


Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)


Ramesses III/Ramesses IV


Thebes (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)



  • Text 1


  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs


English translation in preparation

for the French translation log in or see Ramses Online (ID 161)


Anne-Claude Honnay (ACH, Ramses Online)


Juan José Archidona Ramírez (JJAR)



Text type

Juridical text


conspiracy, court case, crime, harem, punishment, rebellion, suicide, women

Place name

Court of examination (s.t-smtr)


New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)


Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)


Ramesses III/Ramesses IV



Drawing description


Bibliographical reference

- KRI V 350–360 (OEB 13544)

- Buck de, Adriaan. “The Judicial Papyrus of Turin.” The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 23.2 (1937): 152–164.

- Hawass, Zahi, Somaia Ismail, Ashraf Selim, Albert Zink et al., “Revisiting the harem conspiracy and death of Ramesses III: anthropological, forensic, radiological, and genetic study”, BMJ 345 (2012); doi:

- Loktionov, Alexandre. “Convicting "Great Criminals": A New Look at Punishment in the Turin Judicial Papyrus”. Égypte Nilotique et Méditerranéenne 8 (2015): 103–111.

- Redford, Susan. The Harem Conspiracy: The Murder of Ramesses III. Northern Illinois: EDS, 2008.

- Töpfer, Susanne, "Some Turin Papyri Revisited: A Look at Material Features and Scribal Practices". in:  Marilina Betrò , Michael Friedrich and Cécile Michel (eds), The Ancient World Revisited: Material Dimensions of Written Artefacts, Volume 37 in the series Studies in Manuscript Cultures 37, Berlin 2024, pp. 229-231;

    Museo Egizio