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Inventory number

Cat.1858

  • Document
  • Writing Recto
  • Writing Verso

General description

Protective spell

Cat. 1858 is a small papyrus that could be worn as an amulet, it has been inscribed with a protective spell related to Book of the Dead spell 100. The papyrus was made for the royal scribe Butehamun and the spell would allow him to enter the bark of the sun god Re and protect his earthly body from any harm done to it. Besides the text, several images dealing with the solar cycle are drawn underneath it, while on the back, a set of protective Wedjat eyes have been drawn.

Epoch

Third Intermediate Period (1076-664 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 21 (1076-944 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Provenance

Thebes (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)

Image(s)

Image

  • Text 1
  • Text 2
  • Text 3

Contributor

Juan José Archidona Ramírez (JJAR)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Magical

Keywords

spell 129, spell 100

Place name

Busiris (Dd.w)

Epoch

Third Intermediate Period (1076-664 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 21 (1076-944 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Demichelis, in BIFAO 100, pp. 267-273 (OEB 44604)
Totenbuchprojekt Bonn, TM 57613

Contributor

Juan José Archidona Ramírez (JJAR)

Script

none (drawing)

Text type

Drawing

Epoch

Third Intermediate Period (1076-664 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 21 (1076-944 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

Two deities are represented beneath Text Recto 1. The right deity is has a mummified body with two rams heads wearing an Atef crown and an ankh symbol in its hands. The left deity is a falcon with a solar disk on its head. These two deities represent the morning and nocturnal forms of the sun god Re A long line divides these two images from the image of Nut drawn on the right side (see Text Recto 3)

Bibliographical reference

Demichelis, in BIFAO 100, pp. 267-273 (OEB 44604)

Contributor

Juan José Archidona Ramírez (JJAR)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Magical, Book of Caverns, Drawing

Epoch

Third Intermediate Period (1076-664 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 21 (1076-944 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

A female goddess representing Nut is drawn holding two different forms of the sun in her hands. In her left hand, the sun is represented in its morning form as a regular sun-disk. In her left hand, the sun is represented in its nocturnal form as the god Atum with a sun-disk on its head. The goddess is flanked by two snakes in black with a red zigzag line painted on top of the black ink. Near the back of the goddess, several figures are drawn at an angle in red and black ink. The first two figures are crocodiles, the first one is preceded by a sun-disk, the second one by a Wedjat eye. The last two figures are a scarab holding a sun-disk and the head of a ram.

Bibliographical reference

Demichelis, in BIFAO 100, pp. 267-273 (OEB 44604)

Image

  • Text 1

Script

none (drawing)

Text type

Drawing

Epoch

Third Intermediate Period (1076-664 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 21 (1076-944 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

JJAR: A set of four Wedjat eyes drawn in a square pattern, facing outwards and drawn mirrored from one another. Two of the eyes are well preserved, the other two (directly below the first ones) are fairly damaged. Underneath the sets of eyes a sun-disk, drawn in red with a black border, can be discerned.

Bibliographical reference

Demichelis, in BIFAO 100, pp. 267-273 (OEB 44604)

Museo Egizio