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Inventory number

Cat.1898, Cat.2094/244, Cat.1937

  • Document
  • Writing Recto
  • Writing Verso

General description

“Necropolis Journal” with several annotations relating to the work in the tomb of Ramesses X 

Texts found on this manuscript concern the work during year three of the reign of Ramesses X and provide us with invaluable information. On the one hand, it tells us about the workers at Deir el-Medina, which is still relatively unknown for this period, and, on the other, about the construction of tomb KV 18. The annotations record the work that was done on the royal tomb and the inactivity of the workers. Deliveries to the temple were also noted, which included sweets, coal, firewood, fish, plaster, pottery and sandals, and reports on distributing grain rations and collecting tools were made as well. According to the text, the inactivity of work at the tomb was due to the presence of “foreigners” and the delay of food supplies. 

After only two days of work on the tomb of Ramesses X, the work came to a complete stop for two months. One of the main reasons given is the appearance of “foreigners”; apparently, Libyan invaders from the Western Desert. Another reason was that the supply of food and tools for the workers had not been guaranteed. Overall, we learn from the texts that of the 221 days recorded in the third year of his reign, the work on the tomb of Ramesses X lasted only 37 days with 32 workers, which explains the poor progress of the tomb as there was ultimately no time left for its completion. 

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses X/Ramesses XI

Provenance

Thebes/Deir el-Medina (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)

Image(s)

Image

  • Text 1

Editor

Martina Landrino (ML)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Account, Necropolis journal, Administrative text

Keywords

boat, arrival, commissioning, cakes, construction site, side (of gang), service personnel (smd.t), pottery, sandals, stone, textile, temple, tomb (private), vegetables, tools, tomb (royal), work, wood, woodwork, vessel, plaster, payment, oil, message, silver, inactivity, granary, grain rations, grain, gold, gang, fish, firewood, feast, document, working

Place name

Thebes (niw.t)

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses X/Ramesses XI

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Botti/Peet, Il giornale della necropoli, pp. 27-39 and 42-55, pls. c and L-LXIII. (OEB 135180)

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 541-554 and 561. (OEB 49907)

KRI VI, pp. 687-99. (OEB 13544)

Schneider, in Das Grab Ramses' X., pp. 88-104. (OEB 161302)

Image

  • Text 1
  • Text 2
  • Text 3
  • Text 4

Editor

Martina Landrino (ML)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Docket

Keywords

delivery, side (of gang), pottery

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses XI (Menmaatre Setepenptah)

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Beckerath, SAK 21, pp. 29-33. (OEB 38246)

Botti/Peet, Il giornale della necropoli, pp. 27-39 and 42-55, pls. c and L-LXIII. (OEB 135180)

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 541-554 and 561. (OEB 49907)

KRI VI, pp. 850-1. (OEB 13544)

Editor

Martina Landrino (ML)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Docket

Keywords

delivery, pottery, side (of gang)

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Botti/Peet, Il giornale della necropoli, pp. 27-39 and 42-55, pls. c and L-LXIII. (OEB 135180)

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 541-554 and 561. (OEB 49907)

KRI VI, pp. 850-1. (OEB 13544)

Editor

Martina Landrino (ML)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Docket

Keywords

delivery

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Botti/Peet, Il giornale della necropoli, pp. 27-39 and 42-55, pls. c and L-LXIII. (OEB 135180)

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 541-554 and 561. (OEB 49907)

Schneider, in Das Grab Ramses' X., pp. 88-104. (OEB 161302)

Editor

Martina Landrino (ML)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Docket

Keywords

delivery

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 20 (1190-1077 BC)

Pharaoh

Ramesses X (Khepermaatre Setepenre)

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Botti/Peet, Il giornale della necropoli, pp. 27-39 and 42-55, pls. c and L-LXIII. (OEB 135180)

Helck, Die datierten und datierbaren Ostraka, pp. 541-554 and 561. (OEB 49907)

Schneider, in Das Grab Ramses' X., pp. 88-104. (OEB 161302)

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