CLOSE

Inventory number

Cat.1882

  • Document
  • Writing Recto
  • Writing Verso

General description

Papyrus with a Pharaonic Encomium

Cat.1882 is a long well-preserved papyrus scroll, containing texts written in hieratic script. It includes two other fragments from the Geneva Museum, recognized as belonging to the same manuscript by Alan Gardiner and Jean Capart. The document seems to originate from Memphis, at least if the names mentioned on the verso are really those of the writer of the papyrus and his master. It contains on the recto a well-known “Pharaonic Encomium”, a hymn of praise and gratitude addressed by an unknown Pharaoh of the Ramesside Period to the Theban god Amun-Re. Unfortunately, the name of the Pharaoh is not preserved. However, due to palaeographical reasons and according to some contextual allusions, the abovementioned Pharaoh should be Ramses IV. For instance, certain criminal acts mentioned in the hymn seem to recall the Harem conspiracy against Ramses III, as reported in the Judicial Papyrus of Turin. Moreover, the king refers to himself as “Ruler of Justice”, which forms part of the prenomen of Ramesses IV. The verso of the papyrus contains several texts: a model letter concerning some goods, an instruction to a lazy scribe, another one telling the misfortunes of a farmer and, in the end, an instruction reporting a complaint against the recruitment of forced laborers.

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Provenance

Memphis (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)

Image(s)

Image

  • Text 1

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Editor

Nathalie Sojic (NS)

Contributor

Andrea Fanciulli (AF)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Hymn

Keywords

temple, offering, Maat, Pharaoh

Place name

Thebes (wAs.t)

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Gardiner, JEA 41, p. 30, pls. VII-XI (OEB 4549);

Gardiner, JEA 42, pp. 8-20 (OEB 5157);

Gardiner, LEM, p. XIX (OEB 139946).

Image

  • Text 1
  • Text 2
  • Text 3
  • Text 4

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Editor

Stéphanie Gohy (SG, Ramses Online)

Contributor

Nathalie Sojic (NS)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Instruction/Teaching

Keywords

misfortune, scribe, grain, farmer

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Caminos, LEM, pp. 452-454 (OEB 4036);

Gardiner, LEM, pp. XIX, 122-123 (OEB 139946);

Gardiner, JEA 27, pp. 20-21 (OEB 139988)

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Editor

Stéphanie Gohy (SG, Ramses Online)

Contributor

Nathalie Sojic (NS)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Instruction/Teaching

Keywords

scribe, idleness, duties

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Caminos, LEM, pp. 450-451, 507-508 (OEB 4036);

Gardiner, LEM, pp. XIX, 121-122 (OEB 139946).

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Editor

Nathalie Sojic (NS)

Contributor

Stéphanie Gohy (SG, Ramses Online)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Instruction/Teaching

Keywords

forced labour, complaint, conscription

Place name

Royal necropolis/tomb (pA-xr), Memphis (mn-nfr)

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Caminos, LEM, pp. 454-464, 508-511 (OEB 4036);

Gardiner, LEM, pp. XIX, 123-124 (OEB 139946).

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Translation

English translation in preparation

for the German translation see Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae

for the French translation log in or see Ramses Online

Editor

Nathalie Sojic (NS)

Contributor

Stéphanie Gohy (SG, Ramses Online)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Model letter

Keywords

grain rations, delivery, boat

Place name

Deir el-Medina (s.t mAa.t)

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 19 (1292-1191 BC)

Pharaoh

---

Drawing

No

Drawing description

---

Bibliographical reference

Caminos, LEM, pp. 449-450 (OEB 4036);

Gardiner, LEM, pp. XIX, 121 (OEB 139946);

Gardiner, Ramesside administrative documents, pp. 82-83 (OEB 139987).


Museo Egizio