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Inventory number

Cat.2113

  • Document
  • Writing Recto
  • Writing Verso

General description

Textual amulet with BoD chapter 100

Cat.2113 is a fragmentary papyrus containing spell 100 of the Book of the Dead. The function of the spell is to protect the deceased, allowing him to become an “excellent spirit” and to enter the solar boat of Ra joining “the ones who belong in his entourage”. A depiction of the sun boat is not preserved, which could have been drawn on the right or left side of the text column. Isolated from the Book of the Dead, the formular 100 had a protective function as a textual amulet. These types of amulets were folded or wrapped and placed on the body, usually tied around the neck.

Papyrus amulets, according to the evidence, were used since the beginning of the New Kingdom. They were largely used during the later phases of the ancient Egyptian history and continued after the pharaonic period. Based on palaeographic comparisons, Cat.2113 can be dated to the Graeco-Roman period. 


Epoch

Graeco-Roman Period (332 BC-565 AD)

Dynasty

Macedonian Period (332-311 BC)

Pharaoh

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Provenance

Thebes (?)

Acquisition: Drovetti, Bernardino

Acquisition Date: 1824

Joining object(s) (log into TPOP)

Image(s)

Image

  • Text 1

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Editor

Enrica Ciccone (EC)

Script

hieratic

Text type

Textual amulet

Keywords

amulets, protection, spell 100

Place name

Busiris (Dd.w)

Epoch

Graeco-Roman Period (332 BC-565 AD)

Dynasty

Macedonian Period (332-311 BC)

Pharaoh

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Drawing

No

Drawing description

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Image

Museo Egizio