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Inventory number

Suppl.8438

  • Object
  • Writing Recto

General description

Book of the Dead

Suppl. 8438 is a 14 meter long papyrus found in the tomb of the royal architect Kha. He is displayed on the left-hand side of the papyrus together with his wife Merit standing in adoration before the god Osiris. The rest of the papyrus is filled with 33 spells from the so-called "Book of the Dead", of which some are accompanied by images in a vignette. The first vignette to the right of the scene with Osiris shows the coffin of Kha being pulled towards his tomb. Before entering the tomb, the coffin is placed vertically and the "Opening of the Mouth" ritual is performed to restore Kha's senses. The following vignettes depict several images of birds, the god Ptah, a snake, and a lotus flower. The text beneath these vignettes are all spells that would allow Kha to transform himself into the given entity. Next to these vignettes is another opening of the mouth scene, followed by two spells to ward off crocodiles and snakes, two spells for running fast and for leaving the tomb as a Ba bird as well as a spell for drinking water. This is also followed by three scenes with information on the Ba's of several deities, a scene with the depiction of the seven celestial cows and a bull, and two spells to fashion protective amulets. Lastly, the Book of the Dead is concluded with several vignettes depicting guarded gates that lead to the Elysian Fields, the resting place for the deceased in the underworld. 

Provenance

Deir el-Medina / Tomba di Kha (TT8)

Excavation: Schiaparelli, Ernesto

Excavation Date: 1906

List file

Image

  • Text 1

Hieroglyphs

  • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs

Translation

S. 8438
name and titles of the deceased: Overseer of the works, Kha
name and title of the wife: Mistress of the house Merit
name of the father: Iwuy

Contributor

Juan José Archidona Ramírez (JJAR)

Script

cursive hieroglyphs

Text type

Book of the Dead

Keywords

spell 074, spell 004, spell 084, spell 063, spell 085, spell 116, spell 011, spell 136, spell 151, spell 087, spell 143, spell 141, spell 148, spell 031, spell 144, spell 108, spell 008, spell 083, spell 018, spell 002, spell 175, spell 134, spell 190, spell 082, spell 023, spell 012, spell 077, spell 156, spell 009, spell 033, spell 003, spell 006, spell 001, spell 013, spell 155, spell 017, spell 092, spell 086, spell 142, spell 007, spell 064, spell 005, spell 010, spell 109, spell 146

Epoch

New Kingdom (1539-1077 BC)

Dynasty

Dynasty 18 (1539-1292 BC)

Pharaoh

Amenophis III/Amenhotep III (Nebmaatre)

Drawing

Yes

Drawing description

black, white, red, blue green, yellow The first vignette to the right of the scene with Osiris shows the coffin of Kha being pulled to his tomb. Before entering the tomb, the coffin is placed standing upwards and an opening of the mouth ritual is performed to restore Kha's senses. The next vignettes depict several images of birds, the god Ptah, a snake, and a lotus flower. The text beneath these vignettes are all spells that would allow Kha to transform himself into that specific entity. Next to these vignettes is another opening of the mouth scene, followed by two spells for warding of crocodiles and snakes, two spells for running fast and for leaving the tomb as a Ba bird, a spell for drinking water, 3 scenes with knowledge of the Ba's of several deities, a scene with the depiction of the 7 celestial cows and a bull, and two spells to fashion protective amulets. Lastly, the Book of the Dead is concluded with several vignettes depicting guarded gates that lead to the Elysian Fields.

Bibliographical reference

Totenbuchprojekt Bonn, TM 134315
Töpfer, Il libro dei morti di Kha


Museo Egizio